1968 movement in Italy or Sessantotto

The 1968 movement in Italy or Sessantotto was inspired by distaste for traditional Italian society and international protests.  In May 1968 all universities, except Bocconi, were occupied. In the same month a hundred artists, including Gio Pomodoro, Arnaldo Pomodoro, Ernesto Treccani and Gianni Dova occupied for 15 days the Palazzo della Triennale.

The background of the movement came from the newly transformed economy of Italy. The country had recently increased industrialization and a new modern culture began to develop. The movement has its roots in the strikes and university occupations of the 1960s, along with international headlines about socialist political triumphs in the Cold War.

Students of working or peasant backgrounds mainly drove the movement in an effort to change traditional capitalist and patriarchal society. The new education system allowed for a large populus to be educated and with such an education, question societal functions.[3] The unrest began with student protests which were initially underestimated by politicians and the press, this soon turned into “the struggle of workers”.[4]

In the first moments of the student protest, the right-wing in the universities were among the movement’s leaders. The Battle of Valle Giulia at Rome University on 1 March 1968 was the last action in which students left and right-wing were together, because on 16 March following the assault on the University La Sapienza, there was a gap between “movementists” and reactionaries.[5] The left came to dominate the movement and the right-wing debates on what actions should be used to further the movement